VII Changed Conjunct Mode

This mode is used when the action of the secondary clause co-occurs simultaneously with the action of the main clause.

Preverbs almost always introduce the verbs in this mode, because the meaning of the preverb sets up the phrase in a way that a conjunct sub-phrase of this mode is needed. Some verbs incorporate the preverb as a root into the verb stem and consequently use this conjunct mode.

The changed conjunct mode uses initial change plus the conjunct endings.

VII Conjunct (Vowel ending stems)

Conjugation paradigm Meaning
(stem)-(k) it or they —-
mah (stem)-(kw) it or they — not

Example using [lóoteew] vii it burns with the preverb [eel-] because

Because it (or they) burn. 

Mah eel-lóoteekw.      
Because it (or they) burn not.  


Singular and plural subjects use the same conjunct forms for VIIs.

Negative endings are not consistently used after [mah] or [mahta].

Examples using the preverb eeli-

eeli pv because, in the way it… or how it … eel– and eelu– are variants of eeli-

Wŭlút éeli-máxkeek.   
It is pretty because it is red.  

Wŭlút éel-mah-wíineekw.   
Its pretty because it is not snowing.  

Wŭlút éel-mah-wíineek.*  
Its pretty because it is not snowing.  

*Should not be considered incorrect, even though the non negative form was used.

Kwáchŭmung théew éel-wíineek.  
It is cold outside because it is snowing.  

kwáchŭmung pc outside; theew vii it is cold  

Nu xwus móxa wŭlút éelu-ch-wulúleek.   
That wood is very good because it will burn well.  
(wululeew it burns well)   

Waniipákwal mah wulútoowíiwal éeli-mah-táhtaas-wulúleekw.   
Leaves are no good because they sometimes do not burn well.  

Examples using the preverb eenda

eenda– when or where

Mahta ahtéewi éenda-wíikwahm-lóoteek.  
It wasn't there when the house burned.   

VIIs ending in consonants interact phonologically with the conjunct endings slightly differently than vowel ending verb stems.

VII Conjunct (Consonant ending stems)

Stem type Final ending Meaning Example
(stem-n) + (k) (stem-ng) it or they —- eel-sookulaang
(stem-at) + (k) (stem-ahk) it or they — eel-laapamukwahk
(stem-ut) + (k) (stem-ihk) it or they — eel-wulihk
It rains.

Because it rains.

Tha laapamukwat? 
What color is it? 

Because it is colored. 

It is nice. 

Because it is nice. 

VII Negative Conjunct Consonant Stems

Paradigm Meaning
mah (stem)ookw 3rd sg: it or they —- not

Examples using matéexun vii it falls ; poondakat vii weigh ; alut vii be rotten

Because it, they fell  

Because it, they weigh  

Because it, they rotted  

Mah eel-matéexunookw     
Because it, they fell not  

Mah eel-poodakátookw     
Because it, they weigh not  

Mah eel-alútookw         
Because it, they rotted not        

Examples using the preverb eeli

Mah nu wiinganóowi eel-alíhk.  
It did not taste good beause it was rotten.  

wiingan vii taste good  

Alíike mah nii nuweewiitóowun yool áanay eeli-matéexung.  
Sadly I dont know where the road goes. (how it falls, literally)  

alíike pc  reluctantly  

Wuláhkameew éelii-ksháxunookw.   
Its a nice day because it is not windy.  

Matéexun eel-tóhpung.   
It fell because there was frost.  

Examples using the preverb éenda– when or where

Kwéekwiil matéexunool eenda-ksháxung.  
Things fall when its windy.  

Wuláhkameew eenda-mah-sookŭláanookw.   
When it is not raining its a nice day.  

Go to VII Practicum 7 Changed Conjunct 1


VIIs with unstable stems

VII Unstable Stems Ending in (aa)

Some VIIs listed as ending in (-eew) actually have stems ending in (aa):

Such stems morph the (aa) to (ee) when a 3rd person neutral mode ‘’w ending’‘ is added.

Neutral mode negative constructs use the shifted vowel (ee) also.

The true stem vowel (-aa) is used before conjunct endings.

These verbs are referred to as ‘unstable’ because of this shift in the stem ending vowel.

Endings type Inflection Result Negatives
(stem-aa) + neutral mode endings (stem-eew) mah (stem-eewi)
(stem-aa) + plural neutral mode endings (stem-eewal) mah (stem-eewiiwal)
(stem-aa) + conjunct endings (stem-aak) mah (stem-aakw)


VII Unstable Stems Ending in (ii)

Some VIIs listed as ending in (-uw) actually have stems ending in (ii):

Such stems morph the (ii) to (u) when a 3rd person ‘’w ending’‘ is added.

The true stem vowel (-ii) is used before conjunct endings and in neutral mode negative constructs. This behavior differs from the unstable (aa) stems.

Endings type Inflection Result Negatives
(stem-ii) + neutral mode endings (stem-uw) mah (stem-iiwi)
(stem-ii) + plural neutral mode endings (stem-uwal) mah (stem-iiwiiwal)
(stem-ii) + conjunct endings (stem-iik) mah (stem-iikw)


It is split in two.   

Mah wulutóowi eeli-pasíhlaak.   
Its not pretty because it split in two.  
(vii's ending in -ihleew have unstable stems in (aa))  

There is lightning,   

Pasíhleew eeli-saapuléhlaak.   
It split in two because of the lightening.  

Matéexun eeli-mohkamúyiik.   
It fell because its icy  
(mohkamúyuw vii be icy)  

móhkuw vii be bleeding
Mah wulutoowíiwal náxkal éeli-móhkwiik.   
My hands are not pretty because they are bleeding.   
(vii stem in kwii)  

Áhteew éeli-tangáawatiik.   
Its there because it has a low price.   
(tangáawatuw vii have a low price)  

Examples of vii conjunct using other preverbs:

Apúw néeli-lúngteek.  
He was there while it melted.  
neeli- pv while + conjunct  

Ksháxun éendxun-sóokulaang.   
Its windy everytime it rains  
eendxun- PV everytime + conjunct  

Heesh nah wuláhkămeek.   
Everytime its a nice day there.  
héesh pc every  

Alút wéetŭmu-maxkíhlaak.   
It rotted while it was turning red. 
maxkihleew it turns red  (unstable vii in aa)  
weetŭmu- pv while => conjunct      

Éelkih-taháhkameek, móxa wŭlút.  
As cold as the day was, it was very good. 
tahahkameew  its a cold day  
eelkih- pv certain amount, certain extent + conjunct  

Ksháxun iiyéeskwa wíineekw.   
It got windy before it snowed. 
iiyéeskwa pc before + conjunct verb   
(often takes a negative verb complement)  

Ta lukíhkwi sóokulaang?  
How much did it rain?  

Tha lukíhkwi póondakahk mehmohkamíiheet?   
How much does the fridge weigh?  
lukíhkwi pc extent, volume, amount  

Go to VII Practicum 8 Changed Conjunct 2

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