This mode is used when the action of the secondary clause co-occurs simultaneously with the action of the main clause.
Preverbs almost always introduce the verbs in this mode, because the meaning of the preverb sets up the phrase in a way that a conjunct sub-phrase of this mode is needed. Some verbs incorporate the preverb as a root into the verb stem and consequently use this conjunct mode.
The changed conjunct mode uses inital change plus the conjunct endings.
VII Conjunct (Vowel ending stems)
|(stem)-(k)||it or they —-|
|mah (stem)-(kw)||it or they — not|
Example using [lóoteew] vii it burns with the preverb [eel-] because
Eel-lóoteek. Because it (or they) burn. Mah eel-lóoteekw. Because it (or they) burn not.
Singular and plural subjects use the same conjunct forms for VIIs.
Negative endings are not consistently used after [mah] or [mahta].
Examples using the preverb eeli-
eeli pv because, in the way it… or how it … eel– and eelu– are variants of eeli-
Wŭlút éeli-máxkeek. It is pretty because it is red. Wŭlút éel-mah-wíineekw. Its pretty because it is not snowing. Wŭlút éel-mah-wíineek.* Its pretty because it is not snowing.
*Should not be considered incorrect, even though the non negative form was used.
Kwáchŭmung théew éel-wíineek. It is cold outside because it is snowing. kwáchŭmung pc outside; theew vii it is cold Nu xwus móxa wŭlút éelu-ch-wulúleek. That wood is very good because it will burn well. (wululeew it burns well) Waniipákwal mah wulútoowíiwal éeli-mah-táhtaas-wulúleekw. Leaves are no good because they sometimes do not burn well.
Examples using the preverb eenda–
eenda– when or where
Mahta ahtéewi éenda-wíikwahm-lóoteek. It wasn't there when the house burned.
VIIs ending in consonants interact phonologically with the conjunct endings slightly differently than vowel ending verb stems.
VII Conjunct (Consonant ending stems)
|Stem type||Final ending||Meaning||Example|
|(stem-n) + (k)||(stem-ng)||it or they —-||eel-sookulaang|
|(stem-at) + (k)||(stem-ahk)||it or they —||eel-laapamukwahk|
|(stem-ut) + (k)||(stem-ihk)||it or they —||eel-wulihk|
Sookulaan. It rains. Eel-sookulaang. Because it rains. Tha laapamukwat? What color is it? Eel-laapamukwahk. Because it is colored. Wulut. It is nice. Eel-wulihk. Because it is nice.
VII Negative Conjunct Consonant Stems
|mah (stem)ookw||3rd sg: it or they —- not|
Examples using matéexun vii it falls ; poondakat vii weigh ; alut vii be rotten
Eel-matéexung Because it, they fell Eel-póondakahk Because it, they weigh Eel-alíhk Because it, they rotted Mah eel-matéexunookw Because it, they fell not Mah eel-poodakátookw Because it, they weigh not Mah eel-alútookw Because it, they rotted not
Examples using the preverb eeli–
Mah nu wiinganóowi eel-alíhk. It did not taste good beause it was rotten. wiingan vii taste good Alíike mah nii nuweewiitóowun yool áanay eeli-matéexung. Sadly I dont know where the road goes. (how it falls, literally) alíike pc reluctantly Wuláhkameew éelii-ksháxunookw. Its a nice day because it is not windy. Matéexun eel-tóhpung. It fell because there was frost.
Examples using the preverb éenda– when or where
Kwéekwiil matéexunool eenda-ksháxung. Things fall when its windy. Wuláhkameew eenda-mah-sookŭláanookw. When it is not raining its a nice day.
VIIs with unstable stems
VII Unstable Stems Ending in (aa)
Some VIIs listed as ending in (-eew) actually have stems ending in (aa):
Such stems morph the (aa) to (ee) when a 3rd person neutral mode ‘’w ending’‘ is added.
Neutral mode negative constructs use the shifted vowel (ee) also.
The true stem vowel (-aa) is used before conjunct endings.
These verbs are referred to as ‘unstable’ because of this shift in the stem ending vowel.
|Endings type||Inflection Result||Negatives|
|(stem-aa) + neutral mode endings||(stem-eew)||mah (stem-eewi)|
|(stem-aa) + plural neutral mode endings||(stem-eewal)||mah (stem-eewiiwal)|
|(stem-aa) + conjunct endings||(stem-aak)||mah (stem-aakw)|
VII Unstable Stems Ending in (ii)
Some VIIs listed as ending in (-uw) actually have stems ending in (ii):
Such stems morph the (ii) to (u) when a 3rd person ‘’w ending’‘ is added.
The true stem vowel (-ii) is used before conjunct endings and in neutral mode negative constructs. This behavior differs from the unstable (aa) stems.
|Endings type||Inflection Result||Negatives|
|(stem-ii) + neutral mode endings||(stem-uw)||mah (stem-iiwi)|
|(stem-ii) + plural neutral mode endings||(stem-uwal)||mah (stem-iiwiiwal)|
|(stem-ii) + conjunct endings||(stem-iik)||mah (stem-iikw)|
Pasíhleew. It is split in two. Mah wulutóowi eeli-pasíhlaak. Its not pretty because it split in two. (vii's ending in -ihleew have unstable stems in (aa)) Saapuléhleew There is lightning, Pasíhleew eeli-saapuléhlaak. It split in two because of the lightening. Matéexun eeli-mohkamúyiik. It fell because its icy (mohkamúyuw vii be icy) móhkuw vii be bleeding Mah wulutoowíiwal náxkal éeli-móhkwiik. My hands are not pretty because they are bleeding. (vii stem in kwii) Áhteew éeli-tangáawatiik. Its there because it has a low price. (tangáawatuw vii have a low price)
Examples of vii conjunct using other preverbs:
Apúw néeli-lúngteek. He was there while it melted. neeli- pv while + conjunct Ksháxun éendxun-sóokulaang. Its windy everytime it rains eendxun- PV everytime + conjunct Heesh nah wuláhkămeek. Everytime its a nice day there. héesh pc every Alút wéetŭmu-maxkíhlaak. It rotted while it was turning red. maxkihleew it turns red (unstable vii in aa) weetŭmu- pv while => conjunct Éelkih-taháhkameek, móxa wŭlút. As cold as the day was, it was very good. tahahkameew its a cold day eelkih- pv certain amount, certain extent + conjunct Ksháxun iiyéeskwa wíineekw. It got windy before it snowed. iiyéeskwa pc before + conjunct verb (often takes a negative verb complement) Ta lukíhkwi sóokulaang? How much did it rain? Tha lukíhkwi póondakahk mehmohkamíiheet? How much does the fridge weigh? lukíhkwi pc extent, volume, amount