VAI Changed Subjunctive Conjunct

This mode is used when a conjunct clause talks about completed events that occurred prior to the time frame of the main clause.

The PV (eenda-) ‘when’ is often used to introduce these types of sub-phrases. In the context of the changed subjunctive conjunct (eenda-) ‘when’ can be thought of as having the meaning of ‘back when’ or ‘after’ and it is also used to indicate ‘where’.

"When I turned three, my Mom started working again."  

Sometimes éenda– is not used, but the meaning of ‘where’ is still implied.

Most often this mode is used for past events that occurred prior to another past event. It may be used however for future events that precede another future event.

"When his mother arrives, he will take her to the store."  

The ‘’Changed Subjunctive’‘ conjunct mode uses inital change and (-e) is added after the appropriate conjunct suffix from the (-an) set of suffixes.


Éenda-kawiite, móxa longwaam.   
When he slept, he used to dream alot.  

Sháa éenda-miitsíite shaa liitéeha, "nu wíingan".   
Right away when he ate right away he thought, "that tasted good".  

Éenda-óxkweew-manihláate kwíis'sal áhwi-lpakw.   
When the woman died her son cried very much.  
maníhleew vai he died  

Nah weemáane nŭmáw-kúndka.  
When I left from there I went dancing.  
(wum+aan+e)+initial change  

Éenda-payáane kŭmáw-káwi.   
When (or after) I came you went to sleep.  

vs changed conjunct:     

Káwi éenda-payáan.  
You were sleeping when I came.  

Nan peeyayáane ngáta-míitsi.  
When I got there I wanted to eat.  

(peeyayáane is the changed subjunctive conjunct form of the verb (péew). In this case (éenda) is omitted so initial change is irregularly inserted into the stem (paa) => (peeyay + conjunct endings)

When My Uncle Was Bewitched
by Ethyl Peters transcribed by Dr.John O’Meara

Nguk wiinamalsuw éenda-ngwútaash-txii-kătumáane.  
My mother got sick when I was six.  
eenda-  PV  when,where + conj  
txu-katum he is ... years of age  

Éenda-nxah-katúnge nóochu-pumúsuw.  
When he was three he started to walk.  

Koolámbtoon éenda-kshihteexíinge.   
'You bandaged it up where he got hurt.'   
wulámbtoow vti2 tie s.t. up properly, tie s.t. up well  
(Reference John O'Meara Munsee Delaware Dictionary)

‘changed conjunct’ with éenda– tends to indicate simultaneity

‘changed subjunctive conjunct’ with éenda– indicates temporal precedence of the sub-clause

(Reference Ives Goddard Delaware Verbal Morphology)


Kiish– pv completed action

Ndalumúsi kiish-éelkih-peesuyáane.   
I left after I waited awhile  

Preferred word order follows the same pattern as locatives, the secondary clause tends to be stated first.

Go to VAI Practicum 17 Changed Subjunctive Conjunct

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