This mode is used when the action of the secondary clause co-occurs simultaneously with the action of the main clause.
Preverbs often introduce the verbs in this mode, because the meaning of the preverb sets up the phrase in a way that a conjunct sub-phrase of this mode is needed. Some verbs incorporate the preverb as a root into the verb stem and consequently use this conjunct mode without a preverb.
The changed conjunct mode uses inital change plus the conjunct endings.
VII Conjunct Endings (Vowel ending stems)
|(stem)-(k)||3rd sg: it, them —|
|Negative Conjugation paradigm||Meaning|
|Ustah (stem)-(kw)||3rd sg: it, them —- not|
Example using ksutāāw vii it is warm with the preverb āānih-– because
Aānih-ksutāāk. Because it is warm. (Because they are warm). Ustah āānih-ksutāākw. Because it is not warm. Because they are not warm.
More examples using the preverb āānih-
āānih pv because, in the way it… or how it …
Wŭnút āānih-mxāāk. It is pretty because it is big. Wunut āānih- ustah -mxahtāāk. Its pretty because it is not snowing a lot.
Tahaθuw āānih-mxahtāāk. It is cold because it is snowing a lot. tahaθuw vii it is cold Mxih wŭnút āānih-wunahkamāāk. It is very good because it is a good day. (wunahkamāāw vii be a good day) Ustah wunahkamāāwih āānih- ustah mxahtāākw. It is not a good day because it is not snowing a lot..
Examples using the preverb āātan-–
āātan-– when or where
Ustah ahtāāwih āātan-mxahtāāk. It wasn't there when it snowed a lot.
VIIs ending in consonants interact phonologically with the conjunct endings slightly differently than vowel ending verb stems.
VII Conjunct (Consonant ending stems)
|Stem type||Final ending||Example||End result|
chiinxun vii makes noise, sound (John3.8)
Chiinxun. It makes noise. Chiinxunah. They make noise. Aānih-chiinxuk. Because it makes noise. Because they make noise. Nih wuniipookwat? Does it taste good? Do they taste good? Aānih-wuniipookwahk. Because it is tastes good. Because they taste good. Wunut. It is nice. Wunutah. They are nice. Aānih-wunihk. Because it is nice. Because they are nice.
VII Negative Conjunct (Consonant ending stems)
Examples using anaxun vii be empty ; wuniipookwat vii taste good ; anut vii be rotten
Aānih-anaxuk. Because it is empty. Because they are empty. Ustah āānih-anaxunookw. Because it is not empty. Because they are not empty. Aānih-wuniipookwahk. Because it tastes good. Because they taste good. Ustah āānih-wuniipookwatookw. Because it does not taste good. Aānih-aníhk Because it rotted. Because they rotted. Ustah āānih-anútookw Because it, they rotted not.
Examples using the preverb āātan-– when or where
Kiipihnāān āātan-ksáxuk. They (inan.) fall when its windy. Wuláhkamāāw āātanih- ustah -sookŭnąąnookw. When it is not raining its a nice day.
VIIs with unstable stems
VIIs with Unstable Stems Ending in -ąą
Some VIIs with stems ending in -ąą shift this vowel to -āā before 3rd person neutral mode w endings.
Neutral mode negative constructs also cause the vowel to shift to -āā-.
The true stem vowel -ąą- is used before conjunct endings.
These verb stems are referred to as ‘unstable’ because of this shift in the stem ending vowel.
Stable stems exist which end in -āā but these stems use the same vowel in all verb forms.
|Mode||Stem vowel||Ending added||Negatives|
|Indic Indep Sg||(stem-ąą)||(stem-āāw)||ustah (stem-āāwih)|
|Indic Indep Pl||(stem-ąą)||(stem-āāwan*)||ustah (stem-āāwiin**)|
*contracts to āān
**contracted from āāwiiwan
VII Unstable Stems Ending in (ii)
Some VIIs listed as ending in (-uw) actually have stems ending in (ii):
Such stems morph the (ii) to (u) when a 3rd person ‘’w ending’‘ is added.
The true stem vowel (-ii) is used before conjunct endings and in neutral mode negative constructs. This behavior differs from the unstable (ąą) stems.
|Endings type||Inflection Result||Negatives|
|(stem-ii) + indic mode endings||(stem-uw)||ustah (stem-iiwih)|
|(stem-ii) + plural indic mode endings||(stem-uwan)||ustah (stem-iiwiin)|
|(stem-ii) + conjunct endings||(stem-iik)||ustah (stem-iikw)|
Pasíhnāāw. It is split in two. Ustah wunutóowih āānih-pasíhnąąk. Its not pretty because it split in two. (vii's ending in -ihnāāw have unstable stems in -ąą) Θookahnāāw. It spilled. Ustah wunutoowih āānih-θookahnąąk. It is no good because it spilled. Kahnah niipan chąąchupāāyuwan. My arrows really are sharp. chąąchupāāyuw vii-ii be sharp, pointed (s110) Stah niipan chąąchupāāyiiwiin. My arrows are not sharp. (s33) Wunut āānih- niipan -chąąchupāāyiik. It is good that my arrows are sharp.